What is sensory dysorality?
The sensory dysorality is a disease related to sensory hypersensitivity, making it difficult or even impossible to take food by mouth. In particular, it leads to very strong sensitivity to smells, tastes or textures. Variable in its intensity, it can manifest itself in several ways, depending on each child: insufficient and slow food intake, nausea with or without vomiting, swallowing disorders, lack of pleasure during meals, hypersensitivity of the mouth and lips and refusal of new foods and/or containing pieces.
The causes of sensory dysorality
This disease is not a disease of psychological origin. Although with regard to the symptoms, it can make one think of anorexia nervosa, it is not so: sensory dysorality is linked to a genetic hyperreactivity organs of taste and smell. Also, it is useless to force your little one to eat, that would only make him vomit.
Feed your child differently
First of all, if you are concerned that your child may suffer from sensory dysorality syndrome, go to your pediatrician without delay to talk to him about your doubts. He will be able to assess the situation and guide you.
If the diagnosis is confirmed and your child fails to feed, recourse to artificial nutrition may then prove to be necessary. When these oral disorders are likely to hinder the good height and weight development of the child, it is indeed necessary to have recourse to the digestive or venous tract to feed it. Enteral nutrition, administered through the digestive tract, then consists of introducing a nasogastric tube through the nose, descending to the stomach. Another solution: gastrostomy, which aims to implant a probe in the stomach and through which nutrients pass. In some cases, food is administered through a vein. This is called parenteral nutrition.
In parallel, the followed by a specialized speech therapist in the treatment of these disorders is essential. Its aim is to restore food orality in children, in order to bring oral nutrition to constitute not a source of rejection and disgust but of pleasure. The proposed activities are centered on the orofacial sphere. They will help the child to invest his mouth and to engage progressively towards the tube weaning. In the vast majority of cases, weaning from enteral nutrition takes place in 6 to 8 months.
To know more :
Association Orality Swallowing
- Food in winter: how to eat to be healthy?
- Expert answer: “My son’s food diversification is difficult”